Geography

Bermuda is located at 320 20’ N, 640 45’ W or 900 km (570 miles) from the closest landfall in North Carolina, USA. New York is less than 2 hours flight away at 1110 km (690 miles) to the northeast.

Bermuda is approximately 25 km (15 miles) long and 2.5 km (1.5 miles) wide at its widest. The total land area of approximately 53 km2 (20 sq. miles) is divided between the four main islands, joined by short bridges, and more than 130 smaller islands and islets.

The topography comprises ridges of limestone sand dunes, the deposition of which, in Pleistocene times, was largely responsible for the narrow elongated shape of the islands. Land elevations exceed 50m (164’) at a number of locations, with a maximum of 76m (249’) at “Town Hill”, Smiths’ Parish.

There are no rivers, but there are significant reserves of fresh ground water in “lenses” and there are several inland marshes and salt water lakes. Partially submerged caves occur in the oldest limestones.

Map of Bermuda showing the many embayments and small islands.

The capital town and main port is Hamilton, which lies at the center of the main island on Hamilton Harbour.